The most common teeth problems are related to oral bacteria and subsequent dental cavities. However, the gradual damage of tooth substance can occur through general tooth wear. Generally, tooth wear refers to the process of dental structure loss by any means that excludes caries and dental trauma. This problem is a significant concern because it wears the enamel, exposing the inner delicate structures. Consequently, your teeth will become sensitive, and they will eventually lose the natural white brilliance. If you are concerned about tooth wear, it is important to understand the different forms. The information will help you avoid the condition and even reverse the damage.
Dental abrasion is the loss of tooth substance through mechanical forces generated by a foreign object in the oral cavity. This is probably the most common form of tooth wear, and the primary mechanical force responsible for the damage is friction. The main sources of abrasion include tough bristled toothbrushes, dental floss, toothpicks and even removable braces. The most-affected teeth in your oral cavity are likely to be the premolars and canines. You might also experience the wear if you have a lip piercing and ring that comes in contact with your teeth. You can limit this wear by identifying and replacing the elements that are contributing to the problem.
The loss of structural teeth material can occur through attrition. This form of damage occurs through the contact between the upper and lower rows of teeth. The attrition is limited to the surfaces that will be in direct interaction. However, if the condition is severe, your enamel will be worn out and the dentin exposed. You will experience hypersensitivity or pain as a result of this, and your risk of developing dental caries will be considerably higher. You should also note that the shape of your teeth will be modified, lowering your dental aesthetics. The main causative issue related to attrition is bruxism, the grinding and clenching of teeth. If you experience this para-functional activity, consult your dentist for appropriate treatment like dental guards, splints, psychosocial intervention and medication.
Dental erosion refers to the irreversible degradation of the tooth structure due to exposure acidic substances. The chemicals that cause this type of damage include extrinsic and intrinsic acids, excluding those produced by oral bacteria. You can limit erosion linked to extrinsic acids by limiting intake of acidic edibles such as wine, fruit juices, carbonated drinks and lemonade. Intrinsic acid is released as stomach gastric acid, so chronic vomiting should be treated.